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Top 10 Most Popular African Languages

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10 Most Popular African Languages


Want to enter the African market? Does your product/service tailor to one of the largest continents in the world? It’s time to consider translating and localizing your content. There are over 1000 African languages in existence so it can be quite mind-boggling trying to nail down which one you should choose to offer your product or service in. Luckily enough, we’ve listed the 10 most popular languages spoken in Africa…

This list of languages is not in any particular order.


1. SWAHILI

The most spoken language in Africa is Swahili which is said to have over 100 million speakers. Known as a ‘Bantu’ language, Swahili apparently originated from other languages like Arabic. This is the official language of Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya but it is also used in places like Ethiopia, Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, southern Somalia, northern Mozambique and the Comoros Islands. Swahili is the main medium of instruction in schools and it’s not considered a difficult language to learn, especially if you already know some Arabic.


Fun Fact? Swahili was the language used in The Lion King. Remember ‘Hakuna Matata’? That means no worries in Swahili and ‘Simba’ means ‘lion’!


2. AMHARIC

Amharic is one of the main languages spoken in Ethiopia by over 20 million speakers. It is considered the second most spoken Semitic language in the world after Arabic – these are languages that originate from the Middle East alongside Hebrew, Tigrinya and more. Amharic is written using the very unique Ge’ez writing system known as ‘fidel’.


Fun Fact? The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa – this means “new flower” in Amharic.


3. YORUBA

There are over 30 million Yoruba speakers in Nigeria, Benin and Togo combined, making it one of West Africa’s most spoken languages. This African language has more than 15 dialects including Ekiti, Ijebu, Oworo, Ijesha and Akoko.


Fun Fact? The name Yoruba is also associated with the Yoruba Ethnic Group, which is one of the largest African ethnic groups in the region.


4. OROMO

A significant language spoken in countries like Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Egypt is Oromo. Approximately 30 million people use this language and its people account for over 40% of the Ethiopian population. Believe it or not, the Oromos people were forbidden from writing this language between 1974 and 1991. In fact, it was considered a crime. Later however, Oromo scholars adopted a Latin script and it was then used to teach reading and writing.


Fun Fact? The Oromo language is actually called Afaan Oromoo.


5. Hausa

As one of Nigeria’s official languages, Hausa has over 40 million speakers around the continent. It is also spoken in countries including Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Germany, Ghana, Niger, Sudan, Togo and a lot of North Africa. Hausa uses the Boko and Latin alphabet and it is said to be one of the most advanced languages in Africa as a whole.


Fun Fact? Hausa is the only Nigerian language that has foreign station broadcasts. These include the BBC, Voice of Russia and Radio France Internationale.


6. IGBO

Alongside Nigeria, IGBO is also spoken in countries like Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea. This popular African language is spoken by 20 million people and it has over 20 individual dialects including Owerri, Eche and of course, Central Igbo. Most Igbo speakers are said to be bilingual in English as it is the principal literary language taught in Nigerian schools.


Fun Fact? The IGBO language gained prominence from Chinua Achebe, author of “Things Fall Apart” and whose majority of books were written in IGBO.


7. ZULU

One of the most widely spoken languages of South Africa, Zulu is said to be used by over 10 million people. Part of the Bantu language group, Zulu is very much related to other languages including Xhosa and Ndebele. As a matter of fact, Zulu and Xhosa have such similar dialects, that many wrongly mistake them for being one language.


Fun Fact? “Zulu” is not only a language, it is also the largest Ethnic group in South Africa.


8. SHONA

Most prominently spoken in Zimbabwe along with English, Shona is an African language used by over 10 million people. There are 3 distinct Shona dialects including the Karanga, the Zezuru and the Korekore. Stemming from the Bantu/Nguni language family, Shona uses the Latin script in its writing system.


Fun Fact? There are two different versions of Shona used for different purposes. A “low” variety of the language is used on a more casual basis like at home, while the “high” variety is used when praying.


9. ARABIC

Spoken by 280 million people worldwide, Arabic is also used by people in countries like Egypt, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Libya, Tunisia and Eritrea. There is Modern Standard Arabic which is mainly used in communication with most Arabic speakers. This is the dialect used to write the language and is present in media and books. Classical Arabic, on the other hand, is mainly used to learn the language in an academic way.


Fun Fact? Arabic is one of the six most spoken languages in the world!


10. PORTUGUESE

Did you know that Portuguese is the official language of six African states? Known as “Lusophone Africa”, these states include Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Sao Tome e Principe and Equatorial Guinea. Portuguese is used as a mother tongue by approximately 14 million people on this continent and it is said that there are around 30 million people who use it as a second language.


Fun Fact? Portuguese is actually the working languages of the African Union and the Southern African Development Community.


11. FRENCH

There are 26 African states that make up “Francophone Africa”. The top French-speaking countries in this continent include Gabon, Mauritius, Cote d’Ivoire, Senegal and Sao Tome e Principe. Apart from these, French is also spoken by in North African countries including Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco. Overall, French is spoken by over 120 million people in Africa.


Fun Fact? It is expected that there will be over 700 million French speakres in the world by 2050 – 80% will be located in Africa.
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Iliyasu HarunaSalima Ben ZakouradminHassan Abubakar Dutsin-maBojana Recent comment authors
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wordpar29
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I am very happy when read this blog post because blog post written in good manner and write on good topic. Thanks for sharing valuable informati

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Iman
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Iman

Amharic is not even the most spoken language in Ethiopia. There are over 50 million Oromo people that speak Afan Oromo in Ethiopia as their first language. You need to update your information.

admin
Admin

Thank you for letting us know! We have updated the information

Botiholly
Guest

Hi, please do some research on Tsonga/Xitsonga language 😉.
Spoken in SA, Moçambique, Zimbabwe & Swaziland. (Over 12 Million speakers)

admin
Admin

Thanks! We hope to add more languages to this list soon!

Sulaiman sani
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Sulaiman sani

Plz what a nonsensical is 4th this? U write that Hausa has over 40 millions speakes rated as no 5 while no 2, 3 and 4 has less than that are you insane?

admin
Admin

Thank you for your comment. Please know that this list is not in any particular order.

Bojana
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Bojana

Arabic is also spoken in Tunisia, update that please 🙂

Hassan Abubakar Dutsin-ma
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Hassan Abubakar Dutsin-ma

Mr poster,thank for your endeavour but for HAUSA please make more researh,because in Nigeria only,there are more than 70 millions Hausa native plus some milions of Hausa speakers usually from the middle belt.Farthermore Hausa is spoken in Niger Rep. by about 10 milion people.Also in about other 15 countries,so HAUSA is the second African native language after Swahili. Thanks

admin
Admin

Thank you for your comment. Please know that this list is not in any particular order

Iliyasu Haruna
Guest

Yes we know is not from any patecular oder but you need to make more research about Hausa language in Nigeria because we have 36 state in Nigeria but over 19 state are speaking Hausa language thank you Mr admin.

Salima Ben Zakour
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Salima Ben Zakour

About (Morocco,Algeria,Libya,Tunisia,Egypt, Tchad ,Mali and Burkina Fasso) a big community of those countries mostly Morocco & Algeria ,speaks Amazighe Language (Berber) as their first language, about 30 million people in all over North-africa speaks Amazighe Language as their native language, Thank you for updating ))

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[…] only one that’s highlighted regardless of which option they choose. Why is this peculiar? Because Swahili is the most popular language in Africa, followed by Amharic, Yoruba, Oromo and then Hausa. French doesn’t rank until number 11. But […]