The Arabic language has been around for over 1000 years. Originating in the Arabian Peninsula, it was first spoken by nomadic tribes. As these tribes ventured out of the Peninsula, inter-marriages between Arabs and other nationalities spread the language even further, giving rise to the many Arabic dialects. After the Arab Conquests in 7th century C.E, the Arabic language made its way into Northern Africa, the Middle East and modern day China.
Written (Classical) Arabic is said to have been derived from the Qur’an (Muslim’s holy book). It has servedas the basis of the Arabic language to this day.
“Arabic is spoken in 22 countries that form the Arab League including Algeria, Egypt, Syria and more. Over 200 million people in this geographical region speak Arabic and it is also the language of over a billion Muslims around the world.”
Classical vs. Modern Arabic
Classical Arabic, also known as “Formal Arabic” is the official language of the Qur’an. Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) is similar but much easier than Classical, with the addition of modern words and grammatical constructions. MSA is mainly used in everyday speech and in the government and media.
Classical Arabic is considered more of a written language than a spoken one and is mainly used to learn the language in an academic way.
“Egyptian Arabic is the most widely spoken form of Arabic!”
The Arabic alphabet contains 28 letters. It also includes a few additional ones used when writing foreign words with sounds that do not exist in Standard Arabic such as P or G.
Arabic is written from right to left in a cursive style and each letter varies in shape depending on their position within the word.
There are 4 different shapes for each letter (initial, final, medial or isolated) and 10 numeric symbols.
The average number of shapes is 250 glyphs.
''Arabic is one of the six most spoken languages in the world''
|Dialect||Areas Spoken||Number of Speakers|
|Gulf||Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE||36,056,000|
|Hassaniya||Mauritania, Southern Morocco, South Western Algeria, Western Sahara||3,000,000|
|Levantine||Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, Syria||21,000,000|
|Maghrebi||Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia||70,000,000|
|Mesopotamian/Iraqi||Iraq, eastern Syria||35,000,000|
|Sudanese||Sudan, Southern Egypt||40,000,000|
|Yemeni||Yemen, Somalia, Djibouti, Southern, Saudi Arabia||15,000,000|
Internet Top 10 Arabic Speaking Countries March 2017
Source: Internet World Stats- www.internetworldstats.com
175,718,653 estimated Arabic Speaking Internet User for March 2017
Did you know?
Arabic is one of the most difficult
languages for design.
It reads right – to – left, making the layout
process more complex. The entire
page is usually flipped horizontally.
Differences in Arabic Dialects
|English||Local Dialect in Baghdad (Iraq)||Local Dialect in Damascus (Iraq)||Local Dialect in Damascus (Iraq)||Local Dialect in Cairo (Egypt)|
There are 8 different spoken dialects widespread across different Arab countries. Someone from Egypt wouldn’t understand the dialect of a Lebanese or a Yemeni!
MSA is used for communication between Arabs of different nationalities.
Arabic may have different varieties but it is classified as one language!
Population vs. Internet Penetration
-Arabic Speakers: 421,345,425
-Internet Users: 175,718,653
-Penetration: 41.7 %
As of March 2017. Source: www.internetworldstats.com
English Words with Arabic Origin
|Name||Origin in Arabic||Meaning|
|Alcohol||Al-kuhul||The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation.
Arabic Translation Tips
•A 2000 word Arabic document might be translated into just 1,500 English words because the Arabic language has many words to convey the same meaning. For example, there are more than 11 words for “love”!
•There are details that might cause grammatical errors like syntax, gender assignation, and the inclusion of pronouns in relative clauses.
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