Spanish

Language History

The Spanish language derived from Vulgar Latin around 2000 years ago when it originated in the Iberian Peninsula. The region, which later became known as Hispania, was conquered by Islamic groups from Northern Africa called Moors. Arabic and a related dialect called Mozarabic was then widely spoken in Hispania before Christian kingdoms reconquered Moorish Spain, reclaiming the country as well as the language. Vulgar Latin became dominant and in the 1200’s, the standardized Spanish language was formed, based on a dialect called
Castilian. This dialect gained wide acceptance in Spain, becoming the written and educational standard in the country until this very day.

Source: alsintl.com

Languages of the IBERIAN PENINSULA

Alongside Castilian which is spoken by 99% of the population, the most prominent Spanish languages are Catalan (or Valencian) spoken by 17%, Galician by 7%, and Basque by 2% of the population.

Spanish is the official language in the following countries:

Puerto Rico, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia,

Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador,

El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala,

Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama,

Paraguay, Peru, Spain, Uruguay & Venezuela.

Modern Spanish has over 4,000 words with Arabic roots. Spanish borrowed many words from Mozarabic, after the region was conquered by Islamic groups in AD 719.
NameOrigin in Classical ArabicMeaning
AlmohadamiẖaddahPillow
MazmorramaṭmūrahDungeon
BarriobarrīNeighbourhood
AceitunazaitunOlive
AlcaldeqāḍīMayor
AzúcarsukkarSugar
HazañaḥasanahAchievement

Differences in Spanish Dialects

EnglishPeninsular Spanish (Spain)Mexican Spanish (Mexico)Rioplatense Spanish (Argentina)
CarCocheCarroAuto
SuitcaseMaletaPetacaValija
ShirtCamisaPlayeraRemera
PenBolígrafoPlumaLapicera

Population vs. Internet Penetration

Population: 46,070,146

Internet Users: 40,148,353

Penetration:  87.1%

As of June 2017. Source: https://www.internetworldstats.com/europa.htm

Did you know?

Spanish is one of the top 10 languages for mobile app localization.

www.oneskyapp.com

Top Ten Spanish Speaking Countries of the World, 2014

 CountryTotal Spanish Speakers
Total Spanish Speakers517,423,452
1Mexico110,637,916
2U.S.A50,700,000
3Spain46,456,779
4Colombia45,4 16,736
5Argentina40,655,093
6Venezuela28,70 7,328
7Peru25,804,803
8Chile17,127,711
9Ecuador14,024,376
10Guatemala12,408,479

Source : Source : https://spanishlanguagedomains.com/the-numbers- of-spanish- speakers-in- the-world-exceeds- 500-million/ of-spanish- speakers-in- the-world-exceeds- 500-million/

Guess what ?

Within the next 50 years, Spanish is expected to be the first language of 50% of U.S population.

https://takelessons.com/blog/language-of- Spain-z03

Did you know?

Latin America is the 2nd fastest growing region in the world for game revenues.

https://newzoo.com/insights/countries/latin_america/

Punctuation Marks

Exclamation and question marks are placed before the text in Spanish. They are also inverted – (¡) and (¿). In fact, these upside down punctuation marks do not exist in any other language.

Genders and Plurals

In Spanish, words always have gender and plural suffixes according to the core of a sentence:
In the following example, the core of the subject is “houses” in plural. “Houses” is plural and feminine in
Spanish, thus all the elements of the sentence will have to match these.
“These (plural) red (singular) houses (plural) are (plural) similar (singular)”
“Estas (plural, feminine) casas (plural, feminine) rojas (plural, feminine) son (plural) parecidas (plural,
feminine).”

Spanish Translation Tips

• Identify your target market – there are several regional versions of Spanish and each
one has variations in its grammar, formalities and words.

• ​​Spanish translations automatically become 30% longer and lengthier than its English
source text.

• ​​Most nouns in Spanish such as objects and places have genders. E.g. objects that
end in -a are feminine, while those ending in -o are masculine.

​• There are 6 different spellings for verb tenses while adjectives usually come after the
noun.

Spanish Words that have no English Translation

• Sobremesa – The conversation held at the table after a meal, which can last for hours.

• Estrenar – To wear something for the first time

• Friolento/Friolero – A person who’s sensitive to cold

Guess what ?

Spanish is the 3rd most used language on the planet!

www.internetworldstats.com/stats7.htm

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