Latvian belongs to the Indo-European language family and is the one of the only two Baltic languages to exist today. Throughout the years of its development, Latvian blended Latgalian, Curonian, Semigallan and Selonian to become one. Despite many influences from other languages like German and Russian, it’s believed that the language hasn’t drastically changed in the last few hundred years.
The earliest Latvian texts were written in the Gothic script rooting back to the 16th century. The grammar of the language appeared in the 18th century and by the 20th century, the Latin alphabet was introduced.
According to MustGo, Latvian is spoken by more than 1.5 million people in Latvia.
However, it is also used as a primary language by another 150,000 people worldwide.
Where is Latvian Spoken?
Did you Know?
Amharic is the second most spoken Semitic language in the whole
The Latvian Dialects
• Livonian – spoken in Northwestern Latvia
• Middle Latvian (basis of standard Latvian) – spoken in central and Southwestern and Northeastern Latvia
• High Latvian – spoken in Southeastern Latvia
4 Easy Phrases in Latvian!
Population vs. Internet Penetration
As of 2020. Source:
Latvian Translation Tips
• Latvian has 12 vowels – either short or long. The length of the vowel length is determined by the meaning of the word.
• There are two genders in the Latvian language – masculine and feminine.
• Latvian nouns are either singular or plural but sometimes dual.
• Word order in Latvian is generally Subject-Verb-Object, but other orders are also seen in the language.