Farsi

Language History

Farsi, commonly called (Modern) Persian, belongs to the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages. Although the origin of this language remains unclear, it is believed to be closely related to Middle and Old Persian (some insist it derives from a Pahlavi dialect spoken in northeast Iran.) Old and Middle Persian emerged in southwest Iran – the center of the Persian Empire known as Parsa or Fars.

Classical Persian is characterised by the literature and poetry of famed poets including Rudaki and Khayyam. It was during this period (ninth to thirteenth centuries) when Persian was officially the lingua franca of eastern Islamic nations. When Tehran was chosen as the capital of Persia in 1787, the dialect of Tehran became more prominent, eventually forming the foundation of Contemporary Standard Persian – Farsi, or Modern Persian.

According to LeadWithLanguages, Farsi is spoken by over 100 million people and is ranked among the world’s top 20 most widely spoken languages.

Where is Farsi Spoken?

Farsi is one of the official languages of Iran and Afghanistan. It is also widely spoken in other Persian Gulf countries such as Bahrain, Iraq, Oman, Yemen, and the United Arab Emirates, as well as in the U.S.
Iran_inner page

Fact

There are several English words that have Farsi influence. These include ‘Bazaar’ – from the word بازار (Baazaar); ‘Caravan’ – from the word  کاروان (Kaarvaan); and ‘Jasmine’ – from word یاسمین (Yaasamin).

Did you Know?

Farsi is written in the Perso-Arabic script, which contains a few extra letters to represent the Farsi sounds – p, ʃ, ʒ, g. These are not present in the Arabic alphabet.

“Persian is a soft, poetic language and it has been described as one of the most beautiful language's in the world.” - FreeLang

4 Easy Phrases in Farsi!

FarsiEnglish
سلام – salamHi
خداحافظ -khodahafezGoodbye
ببخشید – bebakhshidExcuse me
حال شما چطوره؟ – haleh shoma chetoreh?How are you?

Population vs. Internet Penetration

Iran Population:

83,992,949

Internet Users:

67,602,731

Penetration:

80.5%

As of 2020. Source:
www.internetworldstats.com

Fact!

Farsi numbers are Arabic-Indic numerals. However, the symbols for 4, 5 and 6 are different from the standard numerals used in Arabic. Extra fact? Farsi numbers are pronounced differently to Arabic!

Farsi Translation Tips

• Farsi is written and read from right to left!

•  The script is written in cursive. Letters in Farsi are usually connected from the right, but there are some letters which connect from the left.

• There are no articles and there is no grammatical gender for Farsi nouns

• There are three persons in the Farsi language – first, second, and third – and two numbers – singular, and plural.

• The normal word order in Farsi is Subject-Object-Verb.

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