Farsi, commonly called (Modern) Persian, belongs to the Iranian branch of Indo-European languages. Although the origin of this language remains unclear, it is believed to be closely related to Middle and Old Persian (some insist it derives from a Pahlavi dialect spoken in northeast Iran.) Old and Middle Persian emerged in southwest Iran – the center of the Persian Empire known as Parsa or Fars.
Classical Persian is characterised by the literature and poetry of famed poets including Rudaki and Khayyam. It was during this period (ninth to thirteenth centuries) when Persian was officially the lingua franca of eastern Islamic nations. When Tehran was chosen as the capital of Persia in 1787, the dialect of Tehran became more prominent, eventually forming the foundation of Contemporary Standard Persian – Farsi, or Modern Persian.
According to LeadWithLanguages, Farsi is spoken by over 100 million people and is ranked among the world’s top 20 most widely spoken languages.
Where is Farsi Spoken?
Did you Know?
“Persian is a soft, poetic language and it has been described as one of the most beautiful language's in the world.” - FreeLang
4 Easy Phrases in Farsi!
Population vs. Internet Penetration
As of 2020. Source:
Farsi Translation Tips
• Farsi is written and read from right to left!
• The script is written in cursive. Letters in Farsi are usually connected from the right, but there are some letters which connect from the left.
• There are no articles and there is no grammatical gender for Farsi nouns
• There are three persons in the Farsi language – first, second, and third – and two numbers – singular, and plural.
• The normal word order in Farsi is Subject-Object-Verb.