Bosnian

Language History

Bosnian belongs to the South Slavic group of the Slavic branch of the Indo-European language family. Bosnian language, much like other Slavic languages in the Balkans, has its roots in the old-Slavic language. It began to develop independently from the 11th century, from the establishment of a single geo-political territory called Bosnia and the first written monuments in the Bosnian vernacular. From the time of Austrian-Hungarian rule in Bosnia and Herzegovina until the breakup of Yugoslavia, the language was largely replaced by Serbo-Croatian, which was adopted as the common language of Serbs, Croats, Bosniaks and Montenegrins. After the dissolution of Yugoslavia, Bosnian again became the most represented official language of Bosnia and Herzegovina, next to the other two – Croatian and Serbian.

Bosnian is spoken by roughly 2.5 million people in the world.

Where is Bosnian Spoken?

Bosnian is the official language of Bosnia and Herzegovina, however it is also spoken in neighboring countries like Serbia, Croatia, and Montenegro, and other countries of the world, in various dialects.


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FACT

Serbian, Croatian and Bosnian are different in several ways in their purist form, however they are still mutual intelligible as they all share a common sound system, grammar, and vocabulary.

Did you Know?

One interesting difference between Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian is in their lexicon. Croatian has preserved more native Slavic words, while Serbian has borrowed more from Russian and Western European languages

Bosnian Dialects

Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian all share common dialects.
These include:

• Shtokavian

• Chakavian

• Kajkavian

4 Easy Phrases in Bosnian!

BosnianEnglish
ZdravoHello
HvalaThank you
MolimYou are welcome
DoviđenjaGoodbye

Population vs. Internet Penetration

Bosnia-Hercegovina Population:

3,280,819

Internet Users:

2,828,846

Penetration:

86.2%

As of 2020. Source:
www.internetworldstats.com

FACT

Did you know that Bosniaks and Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina use the Latin alphabet, while the Cyrillic alphabet is preferred by Bosnian Serbs?

The national anthem of India as well as its national songs are composed in Bengali.

Bosnian Translation Tips

• There are three genders in the Bosnian language – masculine, feminine and neuter – and three numbers – singular, plural, and sometimes dual.

• There are no articles in the Bosnian language.

• The main tenses in the Bosnian language are Present, Future, Pluperfect, Future perfect, Imperative, and Conditional.

• Word order in Bosnian is Subject-Predicate-Object. However, other orders are possible

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