Bengali belongs to the Indo-Aryan family of languages and its history roots back to the 12th century BCE. Old Bengali was prominent in the tenth or eleventh century, its source being derived from The Charyapada or Charva songs – a collection of 48 prayer songs in the Buddhist tradition. Along came the 15th century and Old Bengali slowly transitioned into Middle Bengali until the 19th century. This form of Bengali can be found in many religious texts, however it is New, or Modern Bengali which is the dominant language today. In the late 19th and early 20th century, New Bengali was declared the official language of the Bengal region.
According to Britannica, Bengali is spoken by more than 200 million people in the world.
Where is Begali Spoken?
Did you Know?
“International Mother Language day is based on the Bengali language which is celebrated on 21st February.”
Population vs. Internet Penetration
As of 2019. Source:
The national anthem of India as well as its national songs are composed in Bengali.
Bengali Translation Tips
• Bengali is an inflected language – it uses prefixes and suffixes to mark
grammatical relations and to form words (Mustgo.com).
• There are no genders for Bengali nouns.
• Word order in Bengali sentences is Subject-Object-Verb.
• Verbs have three tenses. They include present, past and future.